For most of us, World War II ended sixty-eight years ago. For two
Japanese soldiers, it continued for another twenty-nine years. The
longest holdout was Pvt. Teruo Nakamura (中村 輝夫), discovered quietly
farming on Morotai Island, Indonesia, in December 1974. Born on Taiwan
as Attun Palalin of the Amis tribe, and just an enlisted man, Nakamura
wouldn't have had much of a chance of ending his days as a national hero
in Japan, even if he hadn't already been doomed to be seen as a repeat
of old news by a well-covered surrender nine months earlier.
That surrenderer was Second Lieutenant Hiroo Onoda (小野田 寛郎). Enlisting
in the Japanese Imperial Army in 1942, at the age of 20, Onoda was given
training as an intelligence officer. In late December 1944, he was sent
to Lubang Island in the Philippines and given his next-to-last orders:
Do everything possible to hinder enemy attacks on the island, and under
no circumstances surrender or take your own life.
Ending up in
command of a small squad with three soldiers under him, he did his best
to follow those orders. Pamphlets and messages from family, informing
the men that the war was over and asking them to return home, were found
and studied but not trusted. One of the four soldiers walked away in
1949 and surrendered in 1950; another was killed in 1954 and a third in
October 1972. Onoda continued alone until a fortunate encounter with
"this hippie boy" in February 1974. Norio Suzuki (鈴木 紀夫), on a trip
around the world, stopped on Lubang Island in his quest to find
"Lieutenant Onoda, a panda, and the abominable snowman, in that order."
He made contact with Onoda after four days of searching, spoke with him,
took pictures for evidence of the encounter, and passed his information
on to his government. The following month, Onoda's commanding officer,
Major Yoshimi Taniguchi (by then a bookseller) flew to the Philippines
and kept his promise to come back for his men. Suzuki guided him to
Onoda, and Taniguchi gave the lieutenant his final orders:
- In accordance with the Imperial command, the Fourteenth Area Army has ceased all combat activity.
In accordance with military Headquarters Command No. A-2003, the
Special Squadron of Staff's Headquarters is relieved of all military
- Units and individuals under the command of Special
Squadron are to cease military activities and operations immediately and
place themselves under the command of the nearest superior officer.
When no officer can be found, they are to communicate with the American
or Philippine forces and follow their directives.
relieved, Onoda surrendered his arms (rifle, 500 rounds, grenades, etc.)
and handed his sword to President Ferdinand Marcos. Marcos gave it back
to him and pardoned him for his crimes against Philippine citizens,
freeing him to return home. (Suzuki went on to keep searching for yetis,
dying in the Himalayas in 1986.)
Back in Japan, Onoda was welcomed
as a hero and urged to run for a government seat. Uncomfortable with all
the attention, he joined his older brother in Brazil and raised cattle.
Troubled by a report of a Japanese teen who murdered his parents, he
returned home in 1984 and established a school at various locations to
promote traditional values to young people. He did return to Lubang
Island once to make a donation to the local school, and received a few
honors from Brazil (where he spent three months every year), but
otherwise lived quietly until his death.
Onoda was 91 when he died on January 16. Team Bubba gets 7 points (2 for the hit + 5 for the solo).
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